I am assessing Kazakhstan’s prospects for tourism in this series of postings.  The previous article (which can be found on my website: dealt with the subject of ‘touristic drawing power’, i.e., the amount of attraction that a subject of tourism has.  The main point is that a potential investor – state or private – ought to scale their investment in relation to the drawing power of whatever it is they want to invest in.

Now I will start looking at different segments of the tourism business in Kazakhstan. Let’s begin by focusing on the touristic drawing power of the conferences and exhibitions sector.  I’ll get to other specific types of tourism later in this series.

This is, for Kazakhstan, an easy topic.  To jump immediately to the conclusion: Kazakhstan’s two main cities, Astana and Almaty, have tremendous drawing power for conferences and exhibitions within Kazakhstan, and they have correspondingly excellent ability to service them.  Conferences and exhibitions that rightly should be held in Kazakhstan certainly are not being lost to other countries due to lack of hosting capacity.  And some assemblies that might have been held elsewhere have in fact gravitated to Kazakhstan.

The problem for hoteliers, caterers, and others who make a living out of attendees at conferences and exhibitions is that Astana and Almaty have already caught just about all the business that it is reasonable for them to get.  And the risk now is that the hosting cities might engage in a race to the bottom in terms of pricing in order to preserve the business they have and to attempt to draw some away from the other city.

Almaty has a long history of hosting exhibitions as well as conferences.  Until Astana developed competitive capacity, most of this form of tourism was concentrated in Almaty, and much of that had an association with the Atakent International Exhibition Center.  At present, however, Astana is well placed to compete with Almaty for the business.  With Expo-2017 coming up next summer, several new buildings and hotels have enhanced the city’s allure for conventioneers.

Astana undoubtedly has pulled some business away from Almaty but, the competition between the two cities probably is a good thing: competition potentially helps to hold down prices, and the growing fame as a country in which to hold conferences and exhibitions helps to encourage even more use of the facilities.

Some companies specialize in organizing gatherings as their business.  A well-known example is London-based ITE and its Almaty-based affiliate ITECA.  Annually for 25 years, they have organized Kazakhstan International Oil & Gas Conference and Exhibition in Almaty, better known to many as KIOGE.  Based on their success with the oil & gas topic, ITE/ITECA followed up with similar mega events for the mining industry and others.

Although conferencing is mainly an NGO activity – created and performed without government support or intervention – it is the case that the government of Kazakhstan itself is an active generator and participant in this business.  Regional or international meetings are called in the course of governing, and they are carried out under government auspices, mainly but not always in Astana.

It is likely that Kazakhstan has already bagged the conference and exhibition business within what might be called its natural catchment area. Still, I do have a few modest suggestions about promoting this line of business:


  • Give a Plug for Conferencing. The government and its agencies, which do a lot of advertising anyway, might consider a bit of promotion of the country’s capabilities for holding conferences and exhibitions.  I am not taking about TV ads dedicated to this topic; just the occasional mention like ‘Have you considered Astana or Almaty as a place to hold your annual conference?’   Plant the seed, see if it grows.
  • Nudge Regions to Bid for Business. The government might encourage some of the main regional cities to go fishing for conferences and exhibitions.  The local hotels might not be as aware as the big city hoteliers of the good business to be had by conferences and exhibitions. I understand that Karaganda hosted “12th International Mining Week Kazakhstan” this year, and Shymkent hosted the Ontustik Invest 2016 seeking foreign direct investment for South Kazakhstan Oblast.
  • Decentralize Government-Sponsored Events. The government could push some of the events it sponsors to regional cities in order to foster local experience with hosting such events.  Busy government officials might be reluctant to leave Astana, but they could do a favour in promoting local conferencing by setting an example.

Private sector:

  • Expand the Pie. My one suggestion for the private sector is to seek out and bid to host conferences and exhibitions currently held abroad that suitably could be held in Kazakhstan.  In other words, if the local pie is already carved up between Astana and Almaty, the way to expand business might be to try to make the pie larger.

Go-getting marketing managers at some of the major hotels might like to mine with the intention of luring next year’s conference to Kazakhstan.  Only a few are eligible to move from country to country.  The International Bar Association is one example; it rarely holds its huge annual membership meeting in the same city or country in two years running.  Why not bid to host it in a future year? lists more than 100,000 conferences.  That’s a vast number but the site allows you to search by country, industry sector, date and other categories.

The table below lists some of the many conferences and exhibitions held in Kazakhstan in 2015.  It shows the considerable variety of the events. From personal experience, I can say that several of these attract many foreigners but, foreign or not, all attendees are, in a sense, tourists.  All of their spending is part of Gross Domestic Product which is not dependent upon whether the money spent comes from U.S. dollars, Euros, Renminbi, Yen, Roubles or something else.

Samples of Conferences and Exhibitions held in 2015

Month of 2015 Event Host City
February Kazakhstan Oil and Gas Summit 2015 Almaty
Resources, Capacity, and Development of Domestic Tourism in Kazakhstan Astana
March 2nd Central Asia and Caspian Oil & Gas Security Forum 2015 (CACOGS) Almaty
Kazakhstan Geology Forum, Oil & Gas 2015 Astana
Forum: Barriers to Business: Unlocking the Entrepreneurial Spirit (EBRD) Almaty
April Kazakh-Hungarian Business Forum (one of many bilateral meetings held every year) Astana
Kazakhstan International Travel Fair (KITF) Almaty
May 12th Islamic Financial Services Board (ISFB) Summit will take place for the first time in the CIS on May 19-25, 2015 – First time held in the CIS Almaty
Tank Farms and Oil Terminals: from modern design to efficient operations Astana
8th Astana Economic Forum Astana
June Fifth Congress of the Leaders of World and Traditional Religions will be held on June 10-11, 2015, in Astana Astana
Downstream Central Asia Almaty
Movable Assets as Loan Collateral (IFC) Almaty
6th International Mining and Metallurgical Congress Astana
12th Asia and Oceania Region Intergovernmental Ministerial Meeting on Anti-Doping in Sport Astana
The 2nd International Hotel Forum Almaty
Forum of Talent, Models and Designers of Fashion House International Kazakhstan Almaty
2nd International Hospitality Forum Almaty
July Eurasian Women’s Business Forum Almaty
level National Preparatory Meeting to the 23rd Economic and Environmental Forum on Water Governance (OECD Astana
Kazakh-German Energy Forum Astana
September 10th KazEnergy Forum Astana
4th session of the Ministers of Education of the Turkic Council, the Cooperation Council of Turkic Speaking States Astana


Credit Risk Conference in Almaty, Kazakhstan on September 22, 2015, and its 2nd annual Credit Risk Roundtable in Astana Almaty/



October Forum of Machine Builders of Kazakhstan Astana
10th KAZENERGY Eurasian Forum dedicated to “New Horizons in Energy: Prospects for Cooperation and Investment” Almaty
KIOGE exhibition and conference Almaty
November 4th International Caspian Energy Forum Astana – 2015 and the official 13th Caspian Energy Award Astana – 2015 award ceremony Almaty/


WorldFood Kazakhstan 2015 Exhibition Almaty
AgroWorld Kazakhstan 2015 Almaty
HOREX Kazakhstan exhibition (hotels, restaurants and supermarkets) Almaty


Book Sales:  Find more stories about Kazakhstan from the 1990s and later in my book, West Meets East in Kazakhstan.  It’s available online in softcover or e-book format from AuthorHouse (the publisher), or Amazon or Barnes & Noble.

Website:  My blog posts go out on Facebook and often on LinkedIn.  If you’d like to see them again or check for posts you might have missed, go directly to my website:




  1. Maybe its intersting fore tourists to visit the desolated oil and gas installations if they are turned into attraction parcs but fore the newer ones they need a vissiting permission I supose.


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